Cerveteri’s Etruscan Necropolis of Banditaccia
There are many necropolis surrounding Cerveteri as the modern town is the heir of the Etruscan city Caere.
The total area is 450 ha (1,110 ac), but can be visited only 10 ha of the Necropolis of Banditaccia, the only one open to the public.
In 2004 the site has been declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site.
The tombs date from the 9th c. BC (Villanovan culture) to the late Etruscan age (3rd c. BC). The most ancient ones are in the shape of a pit, in which the ashes of thedead were housed; also simple potholes are present.
From the Etruscan period are two types of tombs: the mounds and the so-called dice, the latter being simple square tombs built in long rows along roads.
The mounds are circular structures built in tuff, and the interiors, carved from the living rock, house a reconstruction of the house of the dead, including a corridor (dromos), a central hall and several rooms.
The most famous of these mounds is the so-called Tomba dei Rilievi.
The most recent tombs date from the 3rd c. BC. Some of them are marked by external cippi, which are cylindrical for men, and in the shape of a small house for women.
Some of the artifacts found here are on display at Museo Nazionale Cerite, housed in the Castle Ruspoli (in the historic center of Cerveteri).
The museum is fully multimedial and interactive thanks to augmented reality.